Vacqueyras, wine-growing village
Vacqueyras at the foot of the Dentelles de Montmirail and the Mont Ventoux
The troubadour Raimbaut de Vacqueyras
Cours Stassart in Vacqueyras
Medieval walls in Vacqueyras
Vacqueyras AOC wineyard
Vacqueyras the village and its castle
Medieval gate, cours Stassart
“ &Vacqueyras et ses vins ”
Saint-Barthélémy church in Vacqueyras
Vacqueyras is a wine-growing village in the Vaucluse, located at the foot of the Dentelles de Montmirail. Vacqueyras is built on a hill, looking like an islet around an ocean of vines, because here is produced a famous Côtes-du-Rhône vintage. Vacqueyras is the third and last village to obtain its own appellation in 1990 (after Gigondas the neighbouring commune and Châteauneuf-du-Pape). "Vacqueyras and its wines" is displayed in capital letters on the slopes of the Châteauneuf-du-Pape, as on Hollywood Hill, and reminds motorists that they are crossing a famous wine-growing region.
We therefore go to Vacqueyras to taste our wine in the many surrounding cellars, especially during the wine festival on July 13 and 14. If you stop in the village, you will find the elements that make up the charm of a Provençal village: well-preserved medieval ramparts, the parish church dedicated to Saint-Barthelemy, of Romanesque origin but later modified, a castle. The winding alleys of old Vacqueyras are accessed through two gates: the New Gate and the Porch (formerly the only gate in the village). The Cours Stassart, a shaded avenue bordered by plane trees, is the true heart of the village. It was created when the ditches surrounding the old ramparts were filled in the 19th century.
Raimbaut de Vacqueyras
A fountain attracts attention, it is surmounted by the haughty bust of Raimbaut de Vacqueyras, one of the greatest troubadours of the Middle Ages. His life is an adventure novel, he was born in Vacqueyras, son of a poor knight, he grew up at the court of William of Leases, Prince of Orange, and his son Bertrand. He learned the art of the troubadour: singing and composition, as well as the profession of arms. After Bertrand's death, he joined the Marquis Boniface of Montferrat in Northern Italy. He followed the Marquis, then one of Italy's greatest warriors, during his campaigns and during the 4th crusade he led. The two companions died together in Greece with weapons in hand. Thus ended the life of the most famous adventurous troubadour of his time.
The Vacqueyras AOC
The cultivation of the vine has been documented in the territory of Vacqueyras since the 14th century. Late blight and phylloxera ruined wine production at the end of the 19th century. The vineyard was reborn in the 20th century. Vacqueyras was integrated into the Côtes-du-Rhône in 1930 when the appellation was created. The Vacqueyras terroir was awarded the "Côtes-du-Rhône village" distinction in 1955. A request for classification as a Vacqueyras Controlled Designation of Origin was submitted in 1984 and accepted in 1990.
The plots are located in the municipalities of Vacqueyras and Sarrians. They are spread over the sloping slopes of the Dentelles facing west, on the high terrace overlooking the Ouvèze, up to the river bed. The climate is Mediterranean, very sunny (more than 2800 hours of sunshine per year) and dry thanks to the mistral which frequently sweeps the sky.
Red wines are characterized by their generosity, power and harmony. They are composed of Grenache Noir (50% minimum), Syrah and Mourvèdre (20% minimum) and Cinsault (more specific to rosé wines - 10% maximum). White wines represent 3% of Vacqueyras production, they are composed of Clairette and Bourboulenc, Grenache blanc (20% maximum), Viognier, Roussane, Marsanne. The yield is limited to 36 hectolitres per hectare.
Accommodation and practical information
Selection of bed and breakfast near Vacqueyras on the portal of B&B in Provence
website of the village : www.ville-vacqueyras.fr
Sights and activities :
- Medieval walls from the 15th century, with medieval gates
- Saint-Barthelemy Church, from the 12th century, enlarged in the 17th and 19th centuries.
- Cours Stassart, shaded by beautiful plane trees, named after the prefect of the Vaucluse under Napoleon III who had them planted.
- Castle, built in the 16th and 17th centuries by the Vassadel family, lords of the village.
- Fontaine Raimbaut, with the bust of the troubadour Raimbaut de Vacqueyras, inaugurated in 1899 in the presence of the famous Frederic Mistral.
- Wine festival on July 13 and 14 - website
- Chapel Notre Dame de Pitié de Coste de Coa, built after the plague epidemic of 1628-1631
- Chapel of Notre-Dame de Brune, from the 19th century
- Papal terminal of Fontbonne, with the coat of arms of Legate Jules de la Rovère, future Pope Julius II
- The Carpentras Canal passes through the town, where it crosses the Ouvèze
- Former Montmirail thermal spa that welcomed Frédéric Mistral and Sarah Bernhardt, where Montmirail mineral water, rich in sulphides and sulphates with purgative properties, was produced.
- Votive festival on the 3rd Sunday in August
- Weekly market on Thursday mornings
- The Vacqueyras Wine Competition, created in 1987, takes place in June, with a jury of amateur consumers awarding the Raimbaut de Vacqueyras trophy to chosen wines.
Coming to Vacqueyras
GPS coordinates : N 44.1384, E 4.9826
The town of Vacqueyras is in the north of the department of Vaucluse, at the foot of the Dentelles.
Location : altitude 125 metres above sea level , 1000 inhabitants, 3 miles from Beaumes-de-Venise, 4 miles from Gigondas, 6 miles from Séguret, 8 miles from Cairanne, 13 miles from Vaison-la-Romaine , 16 miles from Orange, 17 miles from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, 22 miles from Avignon